Gum disease, or periodontitis, is a dangerous gum infection that harms soft tissue and obliterates the bone that supports your teeth. It is one of the main reasons why adults lose teeth. According to studies, up to 70% of persons in Singapore over the age of 40 are affected with periodontitis, which has a significant incidence in the country.
The causes, stages, and treatments of periodontitis in Singapore will be covered in this article.
Dental plaque, a sticky film of germs that accumulates on your teeth, contains the bacteria that cause periodontitis. Plaque can become tartar if it is not regularly eliminated by brushing and flossing. Tartar must be professionally cleaned by a dentist or dental hygienist since it cannot be eliminated by brushing or flossing.
Toxins that are released by the bacteria in plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. If this inflammation is not addressed, it may cause the bone and tissue supporting your teeth to break down, which could result in tooth loss.
Periodontitis is more likely to occur in those who smoke, have poor dental hygiene, take certain drugs, are genetically predisposed to the condition, and have systemic disorders like diabetes.
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Gingivitis, an infection of the gums, is the first stage in the progression of periodontitis. Gingivitis can develop into periodontitis if neglected.
Periodontitis has the following stages:
- Early periodontitis: The bone supporting the teeth begins to deteriorate during this stage. Between the gums and teeth, pockets may begin to form as the gums begin to recede.
- Moderate periodontitis: More bone is being lost at this stage, and the spaces between the gums and teeth are getting deeper. The bite may alter, and the teeth may start to move.
- The most severe stage of periodontitis, advanced periodontitis causes substantial bone loss and tooth movement. Teeth could get loose or possibly fall out.
Getting Periodontitis treated
Depending on how severe the condition is, periodontitis may require treatment. Non-surgical procedures like scaling and root planing may be adequate to get rid of plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums in the early stages of periodontitis.
To restore the gums and bone that support the teeth in more severe forms of periodontitis, surgical procedures such flap surgery, bone and tissue grafts, and guided tissue regeneration may be required.
The key to preserving good oral health and avoiding periodontitis is prevention. This entails routine brushing, frequent flossing, regular dental checkups, and routine professional cleanings.
A good diet and abstinence from cigarette use can also help lower the chance of developing periodontitis. It’s crucial to manage a systemic illness like diabetes if you want to avoid consequences like periodontitis.
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If left untreated, periodontitis is a dangerous gum illness that can result in tooth loss. It can be avoided by practicing proper oral hygiene and scheduling routine dental exams because it is brought on by germs found in dental plaque. To stop the condition from worsening, it’s critical to contact a dentist as soon as you suspect you have periodontitis.
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